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Wednesday, 21 September 2016

Defensive Driving

Defensive Driving 


Objective


Defensive Driving



Defensive Driving



Driving safety



Road accidents in India - By Type vehicles



Accidental Deaths by Un-Natural causes during 2010 & 2011



Accident Black spots



Typical accidents in construction site



Common cause of Road accidents



Prevention and control



Vehicle Maintanence



Pre - trip inspection



Brakes



Tyres



Lights,Signals and Suspension



Mirrors and Wipers



Horn



Seat Belt



Inside the vehicle



Your state of mind



Getting the Big picture



Following Distance



Lane Changes



Backing



Emergency vehicles



Accident Reporting



Be Extra Careful at Night



Watch out for



Road safety signs



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Traffic signals



Summary



Thank you.






Welcome to
Defensive Driving session
Defensive Driving
Defensive driving is defined as driving to save lives, time and money in spite of the conditions of where you are and the action of others

Driving Safety Statistics
A defensive driver is one who will do everything possible to avoid a incident.

ACCIDENT BLACK SPOTS

ü Uncontrolled junction
ü Bus stop
ü Gaps within Road Dividers
ü Road side Parking places
üwhile reversing
ü Road Bend
üUnplanned Parking over highway ( breakdown)

Typical Accidents in Construction Site

üRun-over 
üHit pedestrian 
üCollision
üHit against permanent structures.

üRolled from elevation.

Common Cause of Road Accidents

üOver Speeding
üDrunk Driving
üUsing mobile Phones while Driving
üIrresponsible Driving
üIgnoring Traffic Rules

üNot Wearing Of Helmets and Seatbelts

PREVENTION & CONTROL

Vehicle Maintenance

Oil changes
Fluid levels
Brakes
Tire treads
and pressure
Lights, signals,
and wipers

BRAKES

TYRES

LIGHTS, SIGNALS and SUSPENSION


Lights and reflectors

Motor vehicles (except motorcycles or electric vehicles with a maximum speed of 38km/h) must have the following lights and reflectors

At the front:
üTwo headlights (white or yellow)
üTwo white sidelights
üDirection indicator lights (amber only)

At the back
üTwo red lights (commonly known as tail lights)
üTwo red brake lights
üTwo red reflectors
üNumber plate lighting
üDirection indicator lights (amber only)

MIRRORS and WIPERS

HORN

SEAT BELT

2) Inside the Vehicle


F Adjust your seat and fasten seat belt
F Check and adjust all Mirrors
F Adust your Headrest
F Assure doors fully closed and secured
F Scan the gauges


3) Your State Of Mind

F  Mental State
Stress / Emotions / Attitudes
Drowsiness / Fatigue
Vision / Hearing
Alcohol
 
4) Getting the Big Picture

F Scan the road ahead
City
Rural
Keep your eyes moving.
Check your mirrors every 5 seconds.


5) Following Distance

F Speed & Stopping distance are key.
Stay 3 to 4 seconds behind.
Avoid quick changes.
Increase your following distance.
Don’t speed up.
Avoid tricks.
 
6) Lane Changes

F Check to make sure there is enough room.
F Signal your intentions.
F Check your blind spot and space again.
F Make the lane change.
F Blind Spots
Don’t drive in someone else’s.
Make yourself as visible as possible. 

7) Backing

F Look at your path first.
F Back slowly.
FUse a helper when possible.

8) Emergency Vehicles

F Immediately move to the right of your lane, to another lane, or to the shoulder if possible.
F If moving right is not possible, stay where you are. Do not move left. 

9) Accident Reporting

Report any accident immediately, no matter how minor.

Be Extra Careful at Night

Keep windshield clean to improve vision
Turn lights on 1/2 hour before sunset
Increase following distance to 4 seconds
Be extra careful on curves and at intersections
Switch from high to low beams to keep
from blinding other drivers
If you have trouble, pull completely off
the road and use flashers

Watch out for

Pedestrians
Children
Animals
Bad Drivers
Trucks

Summary 

Your safety is your responsibility
Drive cautiously and carefully

Be aware of your surroundings

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Abbreviation use for safety? (1) Accident investigation (1) Accident investigation Report? (1) Attitude (1) Authorized expose person? (1) Awareness - Electricity (1) Awareness - Malaria (1) Awareness - Swine Flu (1) Awareness - Typhoid (1) Awarness - cholara (1) Awarness message (49) Basic Electrical safety (1) Basic Orientation Training (1) Blasting awareness session (1) Carbone Monoxide (1) Chain Pulley Blocks (Do's) (1) Chain Pulley Blocks (Don'ts and Do's) (1) Classes of fire (1) communication and writen communication (1) Community unrest situation (1) competent persons? (1) Compressed Gas cylinder (1) confined space (2) confined space attendant? (1) Confined space awareness session (1) Confined space? (1) contingency plan - Accident / Incident (1) contingency plan - fire (1) contingency plan - Gas leak (1) Controlled area? (1) Cyclone (1) Defensive Driving (2) Density and specific Gravity (1) Do and Don't awareness session (1) Driving awareness session (1) Duties of a confined space attendant? (1) Earthquake (1) EHS Alert - Adverse Weather (1) EHS Alert - Air compressor (1) EHS Alert - Arc welding (1) EHS Alert - Bar Bending Machine (1) EHS Alert - Batching plant (1) EHS Alert - Cold weather (1) EHS ALERT - DENGUE (1) EHS Alert - Earth Quake (1) EHS Alert - Ebola (1) EHS Alert - Eye exposure to Portland cement (1) EHS Alert - Heat Stress (1) EHS Alert - Hot weather (1) EHS Alert - House Hold LPG (1) EHS Alert - Monsoon (1) EHS Alert - Motor cycle Helmet (1) EHS Alert - Paper (1) EHS Alert - Road / Traffic signs (1) EHS Alert - Snake Bite (1) Electrical safety (2) Electrical safety session (1) Element and Molecules (1) Emergency Evacuation Plan? (1) Employee Hand Book (1) Empty Fuel Container (1) Environment - Air pollution (1) Environment - soild waste disposal (1) Environment - Water pollution (1) Environment -Noise pollution (1) Environmental Management session (1) Ergonomics (1) Excavation safety - awareness session (1) explain each one? (1) Films (1) Fire (1) Fire fighting - Training / awareness session (1) Fire Fighting and prevention session (1) Fire Hazards and prevention (1) Fire Hazards and prevention Strategy (1) Fire Prevention session (1) Fire Protection (Do's and Dont's) (1) Fire Protection (Do's) (2) First Aid (1) First aid - Electrical (1) First aid - Electrical injuries (1) First aid - Fracture (1) First Aid – Eye Injury & Burns (1) Flood (1) Gas Cylinder Safety (Dos and Don'ts) (1) Gas Cylinder Safety (Dos) (1) Gieger meter? (1) Global warming (1) Global warming awareness (1) Grinding (Dos) (2) Grinding Safety (1) Hand-held Grinders (1) Hazardous job in a confined space? (1) Hazards (1) Hazards in a confined space (1) Heart Attack (7) Heart attack awareness session (1) Heat (1) How can extinguish and common type of fire extinguisher? (1) How is the soil classified? What is the slope to be given for each type of soil while excavating? (1) How many scaffolding tags used in scaffolding? (1) How many type of Fall Protection system? (1) How many types of accident in construction area? (1) Hydro Testing (1) Importance of Tool-box meeting (1) In what circumstances fall protection system has to be used? (1) In what situation “ear protection is needed”? (1) In which condition a scaffold cannot be erected? (1) Inspect scaffold (1) INSTRUCTION FOR STORAGE OF ELECTRICIAN’S GLOVES AND PRECAUTION S TO BE TAKEN BEFORE & AFTER USE. (1) Investigation (1) Jab safety Analysis (JSA) (1) Ladder safety (1) Ladder safety (Do's and Don'ts) (1) Ladder safety (Do's) (1) Lifting plan? (1) Lifting Tackles and chainPulley Blocks (Do's) (2) Lifting Tackles and chainPulley Blocks (Dont's) (1) lighting & unrest (1) Manual Material Handling (1) Material Handling by using cranes (3) Material safety Data sheet (MSDS) (1) Maximum distance between two adjacent accesses (1) Measuring the Radiations? (1) Mistakes (1) Mobile phone Using Tips - Awarness session (1) Monsoon Electrical safety (1) Notices (1) Nuclear Density Gauge (1) Organization Culture (1) oxygen level in a confined space (1) Petroleum act (1) Portable Electrical Tools & Electrical safety? (1) Posters (1) PPE (2) Principle of Accident Prevention (1) Radiation Hazard (1) Radiography? (2) Requirements for moving scaffold. (1) Requirements in placing an access ladder on a scaffold. (1) Requirements of a crane Lifting? (1) Requirements of a man basket? (1) RIGGING (1) Road Safety Prevention (1) Ropes and Chains (Don'ts and Do's) (1) Safe Work System (1) Safety and Maintanence Inspection (1) Safety Definitions (8) Safety during Gas cutting (1) Safety in Electricity (1) Safety in material handling (1) Safety in welding & grinding (1) Safety in welding and Gas cutting (1) Safety Poster (37) Safety poster competition (2) Safety Q&A (30) SCAFFOLD (1) Scaffolding (Do's) (2) Scaffolding (Dont's) (1) Silicosis (1) Slings inspected? (1) Slip (1) Space between the two ladder Rungs? (1) Stress Relieving (1) Summer Heat Stroke Awareness session (1) Tandum Lift? (1) THE PARTS OF CRANE? (1) Trip & Fall (1) Types of cranes? (1) Types of permits? (1) Use of accident Report? (1) Waste Management (1) Welcome to ISO -Learning session (1) Welcome to Road safety and Defensive Driving (1) Welding and Gas Cutting (3) What is near-miss? (1) What are the benefits of near-miss reporting? (1) What are the precautions to be taken for Welding? (1) What are the precautions to be taken while handling and storing compressed cylinders? (1) What are the safety requirements for doing a hot work? (1) What are the scaffoldings and its kinds and it’s Consists? (1) What are the type of fire extinguishers commonly used and briefly (1) What is a guard rail system? (1) What is a life-line? (1) WHAT IS A NEARMISS? (1) WHAT IS ACCIDENT? (1) What is an “Assembly Point" and Head counting procedure? (1) What is color coding system? (1) What is Confined Space? (2) What is different between a flash back arrestor and a check valve? (1) What is Evocation? (1) What is excavation? (1) What is Fire (1) What is First Aid and CPR? (1) What is heat stroke? What are the different stage through which a person undergoes before he gets heat stroke? (1) What is lock-out/tag-out system? (1) What is LOTO? (1) What is method statement? (1) What is MSDS ? (1) What is Radio activity? (1) What is Risk Assessment? (1) What Is Safe working Load (SWL)? (1) What is Safety? (1) What is tag system? (1) What is the emergency evacuation procedure to follow in the event of a gas release? (1) What is the responsibility of Fire Watch? (1) What is Toolbox Talks? (1) What is trench? (1) WHAT IS WASTE MANAGEMENT? (1) What safety measure are required for SAFE CRANE OPERATION (1) Who can place a scaffold tag? (1) Who is your safety officer? (1) WHO MAKES AN ACCIDENT REPORT? (1) Why Safety Training is required? (2) width of walk-way (1) Work Management System (1) work permit? (1) Work Radius? (1) Working at height (1) Working in Confined Space (1) Workplace Heat illness (1)

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